Bed Bug Infestations: When to Call in the Pest Control Pros

Bed bugs, the tiny nocturnal pests that feed on human blood, have made a resurgence in recent years, and they can turn your peaceful nights into a living nightmare. These resilient insects are notoriously difficult to eliminate, and a bed bug infestation can spiral out of control if not addressed promptly.

This article explores the signs and symptoms of a bed bug infestation, the risks associated with these pests, and when to call Pest Control Columbia MO professionals for help.

Understanding Bed Bugs

Bed bugs, scientifically known as Cimex lectularius, are small, reddish-brown insects about the size of an apple seed. They are excellent at hiding in cracks and crevices, which makes them difficult to detect and even harder to eradicate. Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide and body heat that humans emit, so they often infest beds and other areas where people sleep.

Signs and Symptoms of Bed Bug Infestations

  1. Bites: One of the most common signs of a bed bug infestation is waking up with itchy, red welts on your skin. These bites are typically found on areas of the body that are exposed during sleep, such as the face, neck, arms, and legs. However, it’s important to note that not everyone reacts to bed bug bites, so some may not exhibit any visible signs.
  2. Bloodstains: You may notice small bloodstains on your bedding or pajamas, which can result from accidentally crushing a bed bug while you sleep.
  3. Excrement and Shells: Bed bugs leave behind tiny, rust-colored fecal stains on your sheets, mattress, or other infested areas. Additionally, they shed their exoskeletons as they grow, leaving behind empty shell casings.
  4. Live Bugs: Bed bugs are most active at night, so you may occasionally spot live bugs in and around your bed or other furniture. They are usually reddish-brown and have an oval shape.
  5. Musty Odor: A sweet, musty odor may be noticeable in the affected areas in severe infestations. This odor is often a result of the bed bugs’ scent glands.

Health Risks Associated with Bed Bug Infestations

Beyond the physical discomfort and psychological distress that bed bug infestations can cause, there are several health risks associated with these pests:

  1. Allergic Reactions: Some people may experience severe allergic reactions to bed bug bites, leading to intense itching, swelling, and discomfort.
  2. Secondary Infections: Scratching bed bug bites can break the skin, increasing the risk of secondary bacterial infections.
  3. Psychological Impact: The stress, anxiety, and insomnia that often accompany a bed bug infestation can take a significant toll on mental health.
  4. Anemia: In rare cases, severe and prolonged infestations may lead to anemia, especially in vulnerable populations like infants, older people, and those with weakened immune systems.

When to Call in the Pest Control Professionals

While some minor bed bug infestations can be managed through DIY methods, more extensive or persistent infestations require the expertise of pest control professionals. Here are some situations in which it’s crucial to call in the pros:

  1. Numerous Bugs and Bites: If you’re finding many live bed bugs and experiencing frequent bites, it’s a clear sign that the infestation is beyond your control. Professional intervention is necessary.
  2. Widespread Infestation: Bed bugs are excellent hitchhikers and can quickly spread throughout a home or building. If the infestation has reached multiple rooms or units, it’s time to bring in experts who can implement comprehensive treatment measures.
  3. Repeated Failures: If you’ve attempted DIY methods multiple times without success, it’s a sign that the bed bugs have developed resistance or are simply too entrenched. Pest control professionals have access to more potent treatment options.
  4. High-Risk Settings: Some environments, such as hotels, nursing homes, and dormitories, are more prone to bed bug infestations due to high turnover and frequent visitor traffic. In these situations, it’s essential to have regular professional inspections and treatments.
  5. Specialized Knowledge: Pest control professionals have the training, experience, and equipment to eliminate bed bugs effectively. They can accurately identify the extent of the infestation, target the source, and use the appropriate treatments to get the job done.
  6. Peace of Mind: Bed bug infestations can affect your emotional well-being. Calling in the professionals can provide peace of mind, knowing that experts are handling the problem.

Preventing Bed Bug Infestations

Preventing bed bug infestations is always the best approach. Here are some measures you can take to reduce the risk of encountering these unwanted guests:

  1. Regularly inspect your home for signs of bed bugs, especially in sleeping areas.
  2. When traveling, check hotel rooms for bed bugs and avoid placing luggage on the floor or the bed.
  3. Only buy secondhand furniture or mattresses with a thorough inspection.
  4. Seal cracks and crevices in your home to minimize hiding spots for bed bugs.
  5. Launder bedding, curtains, and clothing on high heat to kill any potential bed bugs.
  6. Consider using bedbug-proof mattresses and pillow covers to prevent infestations.


Bed bug infestations are a nuisance and a potential health risk. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of infestations is essential, as is knowing when to call pest control professionals. Their expertise is often required to eliminate these pests and restore your peace of mind.

You can protect yourself and your home from these persistent intruders by taking preventive measures and acting promptly when needed. Remember, when it comes to bed bugs, early intervention is key to preventing a minor problem from becoming a major headache.